Magdalena Lesińska. 2016.

THE POLITICIZATION OF EMIGRATION AND THE DIASPORA. AN ANALYSIS OF THE POLITICAL DISCOURSE IN POLAND DURING THE YEARS 1991–2015

 

Studia Migracyjne- Przegląd Polonijny, nr 3, s. 11-30.


Abstract

The article explores the process of politicization of emigration and the diaspora by tracking the presence of topics related to emigration and the diaspora in the political discourse in Poland. The method used in the study is qualitative content analysis; the subject of the analysis are political programs of political parties, materials and documents developed for the purposes of election campaigns, exposés of prime ministers, legal acts, and government programs. The analysis covers the period from the elections 1991 till the 2011–2015 parliamentary term. A more detailed analysis concerns the years 2005–2011, the period after the Polish accession to the EU which symbolizes the beginning of the recent wave of mass emigration and increased interest of political actors in the problem of emigration and Poles abroad. The main research questions relate to the presence of emigration and the diaspora in the political discourse: in the programs of political parties, exposés of prime ministers, the activities of successive parliaments and governments. The analysis shows that topics related to emigration and the diaspora were present (albeit to varying degrees) during each election, but the biggest interest took place during the 2007 election campaign. What is more important, the issues of emigration and the diaspora were not the subject of polarization (political disputes) as various political actors tended to agree on the diagnosis of the situation and the content of the proposed solutions.
 

Keywords

emigration, Polish diaspora, politicization, political programs and political parties

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