Accessing migration infrastructure and employment strategies in a time of crisis: Ukraine female war refugees and migrants in Poland and Italy.


As a result of Russian military aggression on Ukraine, with the invasion on the 24th of February 2022, there are currently over 7 million asylum seekers from this country, mainly women and children, in the EU – this constitutes the largest humanitarian crisis in Europe since WWII. This project  assesses legal and institutional solutions of entering the labour market by forced migrant women  in Poland and Italy . This comparative study adopts the analytical framework of migration infrastructure (Xiang and Lindquist 2014), and is based on analysis of legal documents, statistical data and qualitative data analysis (expert and refugees in-depth interviews). It focuses on two sectors – domestic work and agriculture – both of importance when it comes to the presence of migrants from Ukraine in the two countries. The project answers the following research questions:

  • How do existing and newly introduced legal regulations affect the forced migrant women’s inclusion in the labour market?
  • How institutional solutions affect working conditions of forced and labour migrants in domestic work and agriculture?
  • What employment strategies do women from Ukraine adopt in these legal and institutional contexts?

The study is conducted in consultation with the actors of civil society  and  proposes a new policy model, which  places emphasis on migrants skills, qualifications and aspirations.

Seminar on 13.02.2024


2022 - 2023

Source of funding

NAWA Urgency Grant Programme


European University Institute