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Ośrodek Badań nad Migracjami

Agnieszka Radziwinowiczówna, Olayinka Lewis. 2023.

The new grounds for deportation of European Union citizens in the United Kingdom


International Migration


Politicians often mention immigration enforcement, and deportation in particular, as a means to assert state sovereignty. This article looks at deportation through exiting the European Union, an event that was interpreted as regaining sovereignty from the supra-national organisation. New immigration regulations in the United Kingdom were meant to end the EU Freedom of Movement and equalise the statuses of EU- and non-EU migrants in the United Kingdom. The research question this article addresses is the following: how do the new immigration regulations and policies affect the possibility of deportations of EU citizens in the United Kingdom? With the lens of Interpretive Policy Analysis, the article analyses primary sources and expert interviews. It concludes that the deportability of EU citizens has increased post-Brexit. It also anticipates that the deportability of EU citizens will be differentiated, as rough sleepers, former convicts and irregular migrants may be first to be targeted with deportation.

Słowa kluczowe

deportation, EU citizens, Brexit, United Kingdom, European Union Settlement Scheme, differentiated deportability